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    Free Notes for CLAT/ Law Entrance / IAS/ PCS / HCS/ HAS/ RAS and Judiciary- Current Affairs 1st December 2017


    Current Affairs 1st December 2017 - Important Points

    · A report on one year of - Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yojana- Gramin

    · Detailed guidelines on recall of food products issued by - FSSAI

    · Niti Aayog to set up special cell for women entrepreneurs, declared on - 30th November 2017

    · World AIDS day 2017 observed across the world on - 1st December 2017

    Current Affairs 1st December 2017 – Details

    A report on one year of - Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yojana- Gramin







    Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana-Gramin, under which an aim of completing 1 crore new houses by 31st March 2019 was formed, was inaugurated on November 20, 2016 from Agra. Of this aim, 51 lakh houses are to be finished by March 31st, 2018.
    To complete the target of 51 lakh houses under Pradhan Mantri Gramin Awaas Yojana by March 2018, the Ministry of Rural Development, in collaboration with the State Governments, has taken various steps, including setting a monthly target for houses finishing.

    Steps Taken

    · To construct the quality houses at a desired time, the plan has been helped by paying directly into the beneficiary account via IT-DBT platform.

    · Rural Mason Trainings have been planned to facilitate the availability of trained masons in the rural areas to make surety of good quality of construction.

    · IT platforms and Space technology are being utilized to monitor whole cycle of house construction, right from identification of beneficiary to building stages of houses to accomplishment and each stage is being geo-tagged.

    · States have taken sufficient steps to ensure continuous availability of building material at fair-minded prices so that the speed and quality of construction are not adversely affected.

    Work in Progress

    · Under the PMAY-G, the aim for completion of 10 lakh houses by November 2017 has been attained on 29th November 2017, i.e. earlier than the set date for completion of 10 lakh houses.

    · It is believed that the target for completing 1 crore new houses by 31st March 2019 can be attained as next target to build 15 lakh houses will be completed by 31 December 2017; 25 lakh houses by 31st January, 2018; 35 lakh houses by 28th February, 2018 and 51 lakh houses by 31st March, 2018 respectively.

    Detailed guidelines on recall of food products issued by - FSSAI

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    The Food Safety and Standards Authority of India- FSSAI, Food safety regulator, talked to the companies to frame an adequate plan to recall food products from markets if found unsafe. It also told the companies to notify the authority about the same.
    The FSSAI delivered the guidelines on recalling of food products. The motive of these guidelines is to help food business operators outline a proper recall plan and impose them when the required.
    The food business operators shall present their detailed recall plan to the FSSAI at the time of recall being carried out. FBOs need to set up a recall management group, notify the regulator, identify all products to be recalled, detain and separate products to be recalled which are in the company’s control except verifying the effectiveness of the recall.



    Food recalls

    · Food recalls are the accurate method for correcting marketed food products and their labeling that violate the laws administered by the intended authority.

    · Recall of food product is to withdraw or accurate food products from the market during any stage of the food chain, including that possessed by the buyers, which may pose a threat to the public health or food that breach the Act, or the rules or regulations made there-under.

    Food recalls Guidelines-

    · The recovered product, via this process, must be placed in an area which is placed away from any other food product. Right records are to be kept about the amount of recuperated product and the batch codes of the product recuperated.

    · After recovery, products may be re-processed before sending to the market if it is fit for human use or the product will be demolished.

    · The action to be taken on the taken-back food product should be allowed by the competent Authority.

    · The companies, which have manufactured or processed unsafe products, should take actions so that the need for such recalls does not happen again in future.

    More about FSSAI

    · FSSAI releases science-based standards for food products and control their manufacture, storage, distribution, sale and import to make sure availability of safe and healthy food to 130 crore residents of the Nation.

    · The authority is also accountable for creating an information network across the nation so that the public, users, etc receive quick, trusted and right information about food safety and hygiene and concerned issues.

    Niti Aayog to set up special cell for women entrepreneurs, declared on - 30th November 2017


    Niti Aayog has declared that it would be setting up women's cell to support women entrepreneurs.
    The declaration was done by Niti Aayog CEO Amitabh Kant along with Telangana IT Minister K Taraka Ramarao during the finalization of the Global Entrepreneurship Summit in Hyderabad on 30th November 2017. Talking on the occasion, Kant told that the centre will extend help to women start-ups and entrepreneurs.

    Key Highlights

    · The cell will be handholding women entrepreneurs on issues such as financing and intellectual properties.

    · It will act as a catalyst and facilitator for women start-ups that are applicable and bankable.

    · It will also minutely work with the Telangana State Government’s T-hub.

    · Atal Tinkering labs will be specially structured at schools that women own to encourage innovation and instill entrepreneurship among women at starting stage under the Atal Innovation Mission.

    · The nominated schools will be provided with robots and 3D printers.

    · Besides this, the Telangana state government also announced a series of measures to encourage women entrepreneurship in the state:

    · The Telangana State government has declared setting up of a separate We-Hub, Women Entrepreneurs Hub, to support their startups on the lines of T-Hub, which is the nation’s largest technology incubator. The Atal Innovation Mission would associate with the state government for the WE-Hub.

    · The state’s government has also declared setting up of a Technology Fund with a corpus of Rs 15 crore especially for women entrepreneurs. The women entrepreneurs would be able to get Rs 25 lakh to Rs 1 crore under the fund.

    · Under the state’s procurement policy, the women entrepreneurs will now get one-fourth part in 20% of total procurements made by the government from the private area, mostly SMEs.

    · The recently finished Global Entrepreneurship Summit 2017 gave special emphasis on women entrepreneurs. It also took the problem of inadequate funding for women, after which it was determined to set up the facility to help women start-ups.

    World AIDS World AIDS day 2017 observed across the world on - 1st December 2017


    The World AIDS day was noticed across the world on 1st December 2017 with the theme 'My health, my right'.
    This year, the United Nations also inaugurated a campaign #myrighttohealth with the main objective on the right to health. The crusade along with this year's theme focuses spread awareness about 'Right To Health' of everyone, everywhere. And, right to health is related to a wider set of rights.
    AIDS is a severe public health threat and this threat can only be overcome if these rights are situated at the centre of global health to provide quality health to everyone leaving no one.

    Global HIV/AIDS Statistics of the year 2016

    · More than 20 million people were accessing Antiretroviral Therapy in the year 2016.

    · 30.8 million-42.9 million people globally were residing with HIV.

    · 1.8 million People freshly infected with HIV virus.

    · Millions of people died due to AIDS-related illnesses.

    · The idea to notice World Aids Day was originated in 1987 by James Bunn and Thomas Netter, who are the public information officers for the Global Program on Aids at the World Health Organization.

    · In year 1996, the United Nations Program on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) became working and took over the planning and advertisement of World AIDS Day. The 1st World AIDS Day was organized in 1988 and was the 1st ever global health day.

    Daily Current Affairs, 01 December 2017

    GS Paper 1:

    Topic: Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.



    Kathakar

    Context: 7th edition of three day ‘Kathakar: International Storytellers Festival’ was recently inaugurated at the Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts (IGNCA), New Delhi. The partners for this year’s festival are the IGNCA of Union Ministry of Culture in Delhi, Heritage Transport Museum in Gurugram and the NCPA in Mumbai.

    About Kathakar:

    What is it? Kathakar is the only oral storytelling festival in India and is a part of Ghummakkad Narain- the Travelling Literature Festival which was started under the aegis of UNESCO in 2010. Kathakar is an attempt to not just preserve the art form but also create new audiences for the same.

    Background:

    Kathakar is a special initiative within the bigger festival, Ghummakkad Narain, to promote the oral storytelling tradition which has existed across the world. Though performance storytelling has seen a revival in Europe, in India only few efforts have been made to contemporize the art form.

    Sources: pib.

    Topic: Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc.

    Cyclone Ockhi



    Context: The deep depression which had formed in the Bay of Bengal near Kanyakumari district in Tamil Nadu, bordering Kerala, has now intensified into a cyclonic storm named Ockhi.

    The name Ockhi was given by Bangladesh which in Bengali means ‘eye’.

    How are cyclones named?

    The World Meteorological Organisation (WMO) and the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) started the tropical cyclone naming system in 2000. Tropical cyclones are named to provide ease of communication between forecasters and the general public regarding forecasts, watches, and warnings.

    The Cyclones worldwide are named by 9 regions — North Atlantic, Eastern North Pacific, Central North Pacific, Western North Pacific, North Indian Ocean, South West Indian Ocean, Australian, Southern Pacific, South Atlantic. Cyclones in the North Indian Ocean basin are named by the Indian Meteorological Department and the first tropical cyclone was named in 2004 as Onil (given by Bangladesh).

    Eight north Indian Ocean countries — Bangladesh, India, the Maldives, Myanmar, Oman, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and Thailand, gave eight names each which was combined into a list of 64 names. One name from each country is picked in an order to name the cyclones.

    The previous storm Mora that caused severe flooding across Northeast India in May was named by Thailand. Mora is the name of one of the healing stones and also means star of the sea. The next cyclone will be named Sagar — a name given by India.

    Sources: the hindu.

    GS Paper 2:

    Topic: Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies.

    Controller General of Accounts



    Context: The Controller General of Accounts, Department of Expenditure has launched the upgraded version of Central Pension Accounting Office (CPAO) primarily to cater to the needs of central civil pensioners and other stakeholders in the Ministries/Departments and Banks.

    The website has been developed in-house by the NIC Wing of CPAO. The website provides a single window for both accessing pension related information and facilitating grievance Redressal of pensioners.

    About Controller General of Accounts:

    What is it?

    The Controller General of Accounts is the apex Accounting Authority of the Central Government and exercises the powers of the President under Article 150 of the constitution for prescribing the forms of Accounts of the Union and State Governments on the advice of the Comptroller & Auditor General of India.

    Functions: It is the Principal Accounting Adviser to Government of India and is responsible for establishing and maintaining a technically sound Management Accounting System. The Office of CGA prepares monthly and annual analysis of expenditure, revenues, borrowings and various fiscal indicators for the Union Government.

    Facts for Prelims:

    Under Article 150 of the Constitution, the Annual Appropriation Accounts (Civil) and Union Finance Accounts are submitted to Parliament on the advice of Comptroller and Auditor General of India.

    Sources: pib.

    Topic: Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies.

    Small Farmers’ Agri-Business Consortium (SFAC)



    Context: Union Agriculture and Farmers Welfare Minister, Shri Radha Mohan Singh recently chaired the 22nd meeting of Board of Mangement (BOM) of Small Farmers’ Agri-Business Consortium (SFAC). Various activities of SFAC were reviewed during the meeting.

    About SFAC:

    What is it?

    Small Farmers Agribusiness Consortium (SFAC) is an Autonomous Society promoted by Ministry of Agriculture, Cooperation and Farmers’ Welfare, Government of India. It was registered under Societies Registration Act 1860. The Society is also registered as Non-Banking Financial Institution by Reserve Bank of India.

    Management: The Society is governed by Board of Management which is chaired, ex-officio, by Hon’ble Union Minister for Agriculture and Farmers Welfare as the President and the Secretary, Department of Agriculture, Cooperation and Farmers Welfare, Government of India, is the ex-officio Vice-President.

    Functions: SFAC is implementing the central schemes of Government of India namely VCA, EGCGS for economic inclusion of small and marginal farmers in agribusiness activities. Society is pioneer in organising small and marginal farmers as Farmers Interest Groups, Farmers Producers Organisation and Farmers Producers Company for endowing them with bargaining power and economies of scale. Recently the Society has been entrusted with the task of implementation of the critically important Delhi KisanMandi and National Agriculture Market Scheme on e-platform to progressively free agricultural trade and offer price discovery to farmers.

    Sources: pib.

    Topic: Development processes and the development industry the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders.

    6th International Tourism Mart

    Context: The Ministry of Tourism, Government of India, in association with the North Eastern States is organising the “International Tourism Mart” (ITM) in Guwahati, Assam.

    Focus areas: The 6th International Tourism Mart, will put the spotlight on India’s “Act East Policy”, blossoming ties with ASEAN and the larger East Asia region, home to the world’s rapidly growing economies and India’s emerging tourism markets.

    About International Tourism Marts:

    The International Tourism Marts are organised in the North Eastern States on rotation basis. The earlier editions of this mart have been held in Guwahati, Tawang, Shillong, Gangtok and Imphal.

    This is the 6th International Tourism Mart and an annual event organised in the North Eastern region with the objective of highlighting the tourism potential of the region in the domestic and international markets. It brings together the tourism business fraternity and entrepreneurs from the eight North Eastern States.

    Background:

    The North East Region of India comprising the states of Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Tripura and Sikkim, is endowed with diverse tourist attractions and products. The varied topography of the region, its flora and fauna, the ethnic communities with their rich heritage of ancient traditions and lifestyles, its festivals, arts and crafts, make it a holiday destination waiting to be explored.

    Sources: pib.

    Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

    Sustainable Action for Transforming Human capital




    Context: NITI Aayog’s prescription for the State — to bring private sector players in a big way into the functioning of public hospitals in districts — has been met with strong opposition in Karnataka. Karnataka, which has been selected for the SATH (Sustainable Action for Transforming Human capital) programme in the health sector, has opposed the aayog’s proposal to privatise well-functioning district hospitals in Tier 2 and Tier 3 cities for treatment of non-communicable diseases (NCDs).

    The state has sternly opposed any terms and conditions for entering into an agreement with McKinsey & Company, consultants for implementation of the model. It is of the view that the proposal will have adverse implications for the public healthcare system of the State.

    Background:

    The SATH program embodies the philosophy of co-operative federalism. NITI Aayog selected the three states through a three stage challenge-process – expression of interest, presentations by the states and assessment of commitment to health sector reforms. Finally, three states: Assam, Uttar Pradesh and Karnataka were chosen based on objective assessment criteria affecting the potential for impact and likelihood of success. A consortium of reputed technical consultants are closely working with NITI Aayog and the states to conceptualize the initiatives and provide support in the implementation process.

    About SATH programme:

    Furthering the agenda for cooperative federalism, NITI Aayog has launched SATH, a program providing ‘Sustainable Action for Transforming Human capital’ with the State Governments. The vision of the program is to initiate transformation in the education and health sectors. The program addresses the need expressed by many states for technical support from NITI.

    SATH aims to identify and build three future ‘role model’ states for health systems.

    NITI will work in close collaboration with their state machinery to design a robust roadmap of intervention, develop a program governance structure, set up monitoring and tracking mechanisms, hand-hold state institutions through the execution stage and provide support on a range of institutional measures to achieve the end objectives.

    The program will be implemented by NITI along with McKinsey & Company and IPE Global consortium, who were selected through a competitive bidding process.

    Sources: the hindu.

    GS Paper 3:

    Topic: Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

    Regional Rapid Transit System (RRTS)



    Context: An indo-spanish technical cooperation (government to government) agreement has been signed. This agreement will provide institutional mechanism for mutual cooperation in the field of urban transport and specially in implementation of RRTS project.

    The agreement will enable availability of technical advice on specific issues, besides providing training and collaboration in the technical areas of Track, Signalling, Rolling Stock, Safety, Multi modal integration, station design etc.

    About RRTS:

    What is it?

    RRTS, first of its kind project in India, with design speed of 180 kmph will use state of the art technologies for track structure, rolling stock and signalling system. Expertise and experience in India on these technologies for higher speeds being limited, International expertise will be tapped for efficient implementation of project, operation of system and developing capacity in the country.

    Significance of RRTS: RRTS will significantly reduce the travel time between important NCR towns. On completion, RRTS will emerge as the fastest, comfortable and safe mode of transport in NCR.

    RRTS consists of three corridors viz., Delhi-Ghaziabad-Meerut, Delhi-Gurgaon-Alwar and Delhi-Panipat sections with a total length of 380 kms.

    Implementation: National Capital Region Transport Corporation, a Joint Venture of Government of India and State Governments of Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Haryana and Delhi, is mandated to design, construct, operate & maintain rail based Regional Rapid Transit System (RRTS).

    Sources: pib.

    Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.




    Strategy on Resource Efficiency (RE)

    Context: NITI Aayog in collaboration with the European Union delegation to India have released the Strategy on Resource Efficiency. The strategy aims to promote resource efficiency in India.

    This strategy is the first policy document to emphasize resource productivity in the country. The Strategy emphasizes on Sustainable Public Procurement (SSP) as an action agenda which will be the market transformation tool to transform to a resource efficient economy.

    The document is developed with the recommendations from the Indian Resource Efficiency Programme (IREP), launched by the Indian Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change (MoEFCC) and Indian Resource Panel (InRP) in April 2017.

    What is Resource Efficiency and why do we need it?

    Resource efficiency very simply put is making more with fewer materials. In practice, through a life-cycle approach, it leads to minimizing impact on environment & the associated societal burdens, transforming ‘waste’ into ‘resources’ fostering circular economy, and strengthening resource security.

    Resource Efficiency and Circular Economy are important goals and central principles for achieving sustainable development. Sustainability is a global priority and SDGs commitment and 11th Five year plan also clearly enunciate importance of Resource efficiency (RE).

    Way ahead:

    India’s large population, rapid urbanization and expanding industrial production have led to exploitation of available limited natural resources with concerns regarding resource depletion and future availability becoming more pronounced. Ensuring resource security requires and integrated, concerted and collaborative approach in order to fulfill the needs of a vast and growing population. Also, the environmental burdens emanating due to resource extraction, utilization and disposal, including land degradation, biodiversity loss, as well as air and water pollution remain of great concern, Enhancing resource efficiency (RE) and promoting the use of secondary raw materials (SRM) is a pertinent strategy to address these challenges and reduce dependence on primary resource.

    Facts for Prelims:

    About InRP: The new Indian Resource Panel (InRP) was officially unveiled in 2016, making India one of the first emerging economies to set up a national advisory body on resource efficiency. The InRP was created with support from the International Climate Initiative as part of the project ‘Resource efficiency and secondary raw materials management as a contribution to climate change mitigation’. The InRP will issue recommendations to Indian businesses and policy-makers on improving the general conditions for resource efficiency.

    Sources: pib.

    Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

    Clean Sea-2017



    Context: The Regional Level Marine Oil Pollution Response Exercise titled ‘Clean Sea – 2017’, was recently conducted at sea off Port Blair.

    The objective of the exercise was to ascertain preparedness of the Indian Coast Guard, resource agencies and other stakeholders in responding to a major oil spill in line with the provisions of NOS-DCP (National Oil Spill Disaster Contingency Plan).

    Background:

    Indian Coast Guard is responsible for marine environment protection in the maritime zones of India and is the coordinating authority for response to oil spills in Indian waters. The Force has drawn up a National Oil Spill Disaster Contingency Plan (NOSDCP) and has established three pollution response centres at Mumbai, Chennai and Port Blair.

    National Oil Spill Disaster Contingency Plan:

    India promulgated National oil spill Disaster contingency plan (NOS-DCP) in the year 1996. Coast guard was designated as central coordination authority.

    The objectives of the plan are:

    · To develop appropriate and effective systems for the detection and reporting of spillage of oil.

    · To ensure prompt response to prevent, control, and combat oil pollution.

    · To ensure that adequate protection is provided to the public health and welfare, and the marine environment.

    · To ensure that appropriate response techniques are employed to prevent, control, and combat oil pollution, and dispose off recovered material in an environmentally accepted manner.

    · To ensure that complete and accurate records are maintained of all expenditure to facilitate cost of recovery.

    Sources: the hindu.

    Facts for Prelims:

    Rooppur Nuclear Power Plant:

    Context: Bangladesh Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina recently inaugurated construction work on the much-awaited Rooppur Nuclear Power Plant in Ishwardi, located in the western part of the country. The plant is expected to add 2,400 MW of electricity to the national grid by 2024, helping the country meet its increasing demand for electricity.

    Implementation of the project: The mega project is being implemented by state-run Bangladesh Atomic Energy Commission with financial and technological support from Russia through its state nuclear agency, Rosatom.