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    Free GK & Current Affairs Notes for all competitive exams of 18 December 2017

    Daily Current Affairs, 18 December 2017


    Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies.

    Medical Council of India



    Context: The Union Cabinet has cleared the National Medical Commission Bill, which does away with the Medical Council of India (MCI) and replaces it with a regulator that will do away with “heavy handed regulatory control” over medical institutions and will also bring in a national licentiate examination.


    Key features of the Bill:

    §  The bill provides for the constitution of four autonomous boards entrusted with conducting undergraduate and postgraduate education, assessment and accreditation of medical institutions and registration of practitioners under the National Medical Commission.

    §  According to the draft bill, the commission will have government nominated chairman and members, and the board members will be selected by a search committee under the Cabinet Secretary. There will five elected and 12 ex-officio members in the commission.

    §  As per the Bill, the government, under the National Medical Commission (NMC), can dictate guidelines for fees up to 40% of seats in private medical colleges. This is aimed at giving students relief from the exorbitant fees charged by these colleges and is a standout feature of the bill.

    §  The bill also has a provision for a common entrance exam and licentiate (exit) exam that medical graduates have to pass before practising or pursuing PG courses. For MBBS, students have to clear NEET, and before they step into practice, they must pass the exit exam.

    §  Recognised medical institutions don’t need the regulator’s permission to add more seats or start PG course. This mechanism to reduce the discretionary powers of the regulator.

    §  Earlier, medical colleges required the MCI’s approval for establishment, recognition, renewal of the yearly permission or recognition of degrees, and even increase the number of students they admitted. Under the new bill, the powers of the regulator are reduced to establishment and recognition. This means less red tape, but also less scrutiny of medical colleges.



    The Medical Council of India was first established in 1934 under the Indian Medical Council Act, 1933. This Act was repealed and replaced with a new Act in 1956. Under the 1956 Act, the objectives of MCI include:

    §  Maintenance of standards in medical education through curriculum guidelines, inspections and permissions to start colleges, courses or increasing number of seats.

    §  Recognition of medical qualifications.

    §  Registration of doctors and maintenance of the All India Medical Register.

    §  Regulation of the medical profession by prescribing a code of conduct and taking action against erring doctors.


    Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies.


    Commissioner of Metro Railway Safety



    Context: The Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi has approved the creation of one circle office of Commissioner of Metro Railway Safety (CMRS), along-with all supporting officers and staffs for carrying out the functions of Commission of Metro Railway Safety as envisaged in the “Metro Railways (Operations and Maintenance) Act, 2002”, in the Commission of Railway Safety under the Ministry of Civil Aviation.

    Creation of these posts will ensure focused attention on the passenger safety and metro rail operation related issues, in respect of existing, as well as upcoming various metro rail projects.


    Implementation strategy and targets:

    The post of Commissioner of Metro Railway Safety shall be filled from the cadre of Indian Railway Engineering Services (IRSE, IRSEE, IRSSE, RSME) & IRTS by the Ministry of Civil Aviation through nomination from willing officers from Ministry of Railways in consultation with UPSC, initially according to Recruitment Rules for Commissioner of Railway Safety in the Commission of Railway Safety. The process to fill up the posts shall be initiated within two months.


    About the Commission of Railway Safety:

    What is it? The Commission of Railway Safety working under the administrative control of the Ministry of Civil Aviation (Govt. of India), deals with the matters pertaining to safety of rail travel and train operation and is charged with certain statutory functions laid down in the Railway Act’1989.


    Functions: Functions performed by the organization are inspectorial, investigatory and advisory in nature. The Commission functions according to certain rules framed under the railways Act and executive instructions issued from time to time. The most important duty of the Commission is to ensure that any new railway line to be opened for passenger traffic should conform to the standard and specifications prescribed by the Ministry of Railways and the new line is safe in all respects for carrying the passenger traffic. This is also applicable to other works such as gauge conversion, doubling of lines and electrification of existing lines etc. The Commission also conducts statutory inquiries into serious train accidents and makes recommendations for improving safety on the railways in India.


    CMRS: The CMRS will be administratively under the control of Chief Commissioner of Railway Safety under Ministry of Civil Aviation. With a view to accord priority to passenger safety and also to ensure uniformity in safety certification, the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs while enacting the “Metro railways (Operations and Maintenance) Act, 2002”, has assigned similar functions to Commissioner of Metro Railway safety (CMRS) in respect of Metro Railways.


    Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.


    Karnataka HC strikes down rule on stringent tobacco pack warnings


    Context: Karnataka High Court has declared as unconstitutional the Cigarette and other Tobacco Products (Packaging and Labelling) Amendment Rules, 2014, which had enhanced to 85% the area of pictorial warning on the principal area of packages of cigarette and other tobacco products.


    The court cited the following reasons for this move:

    §  The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare unilaterally framed the Rules without concurrence of the other departments concerned, and this was a violation of the Article 77 (Conduct of Business of Government of India) and the Transaction of Business (ToB) rules framed under it as the subject of tobacco control and legislation was not attached to one department or Ministry.

    §  Also, the rules were notified even before the Parliamentary Committee on sub-ordinate legislations was examining them. Ministry of Commerce had also opposed 85% area for pictorial warning on the ground that it would not result in any benefit and wanted to restrict the pictorial warnings to 40% or 50% . And the Labour Ministry too had opposed pictorial warning for the reason that it would harm the beedi industry, on which several poor families are depending upon for their livelihood.

    §  The rules are also contrary to Article 19(1)(g) [right to practise any profession, or to carry on any occupation, trade or business] as they are “unreasonable” restrictions imposed “without application of mind or any basis.”



    A notification by the health ministry on 24 September 2015 for implementation of the Cigarettes and other Tobacco Products (Packaging and Labeling) Amendment Rules, 2014 came into force on 1 April. It prescribed larger pictorial petitions, covering 85% of the size of the packets of tobacco products, including cigarettes and beedis.


    Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.


    National Ayush Mission (NAM)




    Context: The Union Cabinet has approved the continuation of Centrally Sponsored Scheme of National Ayush Mission (NAM) from 01.04.2017 to 31.03.2020 with an outlay of Rs. 2400 crore over the 3 year period.


    National AYUSH mission:

    National AYUSH mission was launched in September 2014 by the government of India.

    Aim: It is aimed at addressing the gaps in health services by supporting AYUSH (Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy) care and education, particularly in vulnerable and far-flung areas.



    §  Under the mission, special focus will be given to specific needs of vulnerable areas and allocation of higher resources in their annual plans.

    §  The Mission will help in the improvement of AYUSH education through enhancement in the number of upgraded educational institutions.

    §  It will provide better access to AYUSH services through increase in number of AYUSH hospitals and dispensaries, availability of drugs and manpower.

    §  It provides sustained availability of quality raw material for AYUSH systems of medicine.

    §  It improves availability of quality Ayurvedic, Siddha, Unani and Homoeopathy drugs through increase in the number of pharmacies, drug laboratories and improved enforcement mechanism.


    Way ahead:

    The National AYUSH Mission intends to build on India’s unmatched heritage represented by its ancient systems of medicine like Ayurveda, Sidhha, Unani & Homeopathy (ASU&H) which are a treasure house of knowledge for preventive and promotive healthcare. The positive features of the Indian systems of medicine namely their diversity and flexibility; accessibility; affordability, a broad acceptance by a large section of the general public; comparatively lesser cost and growing economic value, have great potential to make them providers of healthcare that the large sections of our people need.


    Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.


    North East Special Infrastructure Development Scheme” (NESIDS)



    The Union Cabinet has approved the introduction of new Central Sector Scheme of “North East Special Infrastructure Development Scheme” (NESIDS) from 2017-18 with 100% funding from the Central Government to fill up the gaps in creation of infrastructure in specified sectors till March, 2020.


    The new scheme will broadly cover creation of infrastructure under following sectors:

    §  Physical infrastructure relating to water supply, power, connectivity and specially the projects promoting tourism;

    §  Infrastructure of social sectors of education and health.


    Benefits of NESIDS:

    The assets to be created under the new scheme of NESIDS will not only strengthen health care and education facilities in the region but will also encourage tourism thereby the employment opportunities for local youth. The scheme will act as a catalyst in overall development of the region in the years to come.


    Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.




    Context: The Union Cabinet has approved the continuation of the existing Non Lapsable Central Pool of Resources (NLCPR) scheme with funding pattern of 90:10 till March, 2020 with an outlay of Rs.5300.00 crore. It would enable completion of ongoing projects.


    About NLCPR:

    The broad objective of the Non-lapsable Central Pool of Resources scheme is to ensure speedy development of infrastructure in the North Eastern Region by increasing the flow of budgetary financing for new infrastructure projects/schemes in the Region. Both physical and social infrastructure sectors such as Irrigation and Flood Control, Power, Roads and Bridges, Education, Health, Water Supply and Sanitation – are considered for providing support under the Central Pool, with projects in physical infrastructure sector receiving priority.

    Funds from the Central Pool can be released for State sector as well as Central sector projects/schemes. However the funds available under the Central Pool are not meant to supplement the normal Plan programmes either of the State Governments or Union Ministries/ Departments/ Agencies.



    Important International institutions, agencies and fora, their structure, mandate.


    International Training Centre for Operational Oceanography


    The Union Cabinet has approved the establishment of International Training Centre for Operational Oceanography, as a Category-2 Centre (C2C) of UNESCO, in Hyderabad.

    The purpose of this Agreement is to establish a training centre towards development of capacity for the countries on the Indian Ocean Rim (IOR), African countries bordering the Indian and Atlantic Oceans, small island countries under the framework of UNESCO.


    What is operational oceanography?

    The operational oceanography is an activity of conducting systematic oceanographic studies towards providing information services to various sectors viz. fisherman, disaster management, shipping, ports, coastal states, navy, coast guard, environment, offshore industries for conducting their day-to- day operations.


    Significance of this move:

    §  The Centre will provide assistance in areas of capacity building and training, knowledge sharing and exchange of information, and hence could represent a valuable resource for UNESCO and its Intergovernmental Oceanography Commission (IOC) by enhancing the impact and visibility of UNESCO’s action.

    §  The establishment of UNESCO Category-2 Centre will provide an opportunity for India to emerge as a leading country in the Indian Ocean. This will also help India to forge cooperation and improve engagement among the counties of the Indian Ocean, including South Asian and African states bordering the Indian Ocean.

    §  The establishment of the centre would respond to the worldwide increasing need to build technical and management capacity to address marine and coastal sustainability issues and prepare the region for and react efficiently to marine natural hazards.

    §  The Centre could contribute to achieving Sustainable Development Goal-14 (SDG 14) related to building marine scientific research capacity in geographical area of the Centre responsibility which will also fulfil the commitments to support Small Island Developing States, Least Developed Countries.

    §  The establishment of C2C is also expected to increase ancillary development leading to employment generation in India.




    Special package for employment generation in leather and footwear sector



    Context: The Union Cabinet has approved the special package for employment generation in leather and    footwear sector. The package involves implementation of Central Sector Scheme “Indian Footwear, Leather & Accessories Development Programme” with an approved expenditure of Rs. 2600 Crore over the three financial years from 2017-18 to 2019-20.


    The Indian Footwear, Leather & Accessories Development Programme has the following sub- schemes:

    §  Human Resource Development (HRD) sub-scheme.

    §  Integrated Development of Leather Sector (IDLS) sub-scheme.

    §  Establishment of Institutional Facilities sub-scheme.

    §  Mega Leather, Footwear and Accessories Cluster (MLFAC) sub-scheme.

    §  Leather Technology, Innovation and Environmental Issues sub-scheme.

    §  Promotion of Indian Brands in Leather, Footwear and Accessories Sector sub-scheme.

    §  Additional Employment Incentive for Leather, Footwear and Accessories Sector sub-scheme.


    Significance of the scheme:

    §  The scheme would lead to development of infrastructure for the leather sector, address environment concerns specific to the leather sector, facilitate additional investments, employment generation and increase in production.


    §  Enhanced Tax incentive would attract large scale investments in the sector and reform in labour law in view of seasonal nature of the sector will support economies of scale.


    §  The Special Package has the potential to generate 3.24 lakhs new jobs in 3 years and assist in formalization of 2 lakh jobs as cumulative impact in Footwear, Leather & Accessories Sector.





    Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.


    Tuitial Hydroelectric Power Project



    Context: The 60 MW Tuirial Hydro Electric Power Project (HEPP) has been formally dedicated to the Nation.


    About the project:

    The Project is the biggest power project located in the State of Mizoram and will feed the entire energy to be generated to the home State, which will facilitate all-round development of the State and achieving Government of India’s ambitious and flagship Mission ‘24×7 Affordable Clean Power for All’.

    The Tuirial HEPP has been constructed as a Central Sector Project and implemented by North Eastern Electric Power Corporation (NEEPCO), under the administrative control of the Ministry of Power, Government of India.


    Significance of this project:

    The State’s current demand of electricity is only 87 MW and this is being met by State’s mini power projects and availability of its share of power from central sector projects. With the additional 60 MW of electricity from the project, the State of Mizoram will now be the third power-surplus State in North East India after Sikkim and Tripura. Apart from attaining self-sufficiency in electric power, the project will fetch other spin-off benefits to the State of Mizoram like employment generation, navigation, water supply, pisciculture and wild life conservation, tourism etc.


    Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.




    Context: In order to expedite implementation of the Bharatmala Pariyojna, the project launched by the Government of India with prime focus on optimizing efficiency of the movement of goods and people across the country, NHAI has decided to start an incentive scheme for its officials.

    §  The scheme not only envisages completing the projects earlier than the scheduled time, but also aims at savings on account of cost overruns due to time delays. The scheme will reward hardworking, meritorious officials and will act as a catalyst to motivate other officials to work more efficiently.

    §  Under this scheme, cash incentives and other rewards such as Certificates, Trophy, Appreciation letters, etc., would be given to the NHAI officials to complete the assigned task in a time bound manner.


    What is Bharatmala project?

    Bharatmala Project is the second largest highways construction project in the country since NHDP, under which almost 50,000 km or highway roads were targeted across the country. Bharatmala will look to improve connectivity particularly on economic corridors, border areas and far flung areas with an aim of quicker movement of cargo and boosting exports.

    Bharatmala includes economic corridors of around 9,000 km, inter-corridor and feeder routes of around 6,000 km, 5,000 km roads under the National Corridors Efficiency Program, border and international connectivity roads of around 2,000 km, coastal and port connectivity roads of around 2,000 km, expressways of around 800 km and 10,000 km of NHDP roads. The total length in phase 1 comes to around 34,800 km.


    Significance of the project:

    The project is expected to create nearly 100 million man days of jobs during the road construction and subsequently 22 million jobs as a result of the increased economic activity across the country.





    The President of India gave his assent to an amendment in the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code that barred a majority of defaulting promoters from buying back their assets.

    The changes via an ordinance made at least nine categories of persons ineligible for submitting a resolution plan for the indebted companies facing insolvency action at the National Company Law Tribunal.

    Amendments to the code said that those whose accounts have been non-performing for a year will not be allowed to participate in the resolution plan.

    The move came at a time when about 50 of the India’s biggest defaulting companies face insolvency proceedings.


    What is bankruptcy? What is the IBC’s intent?

    A company is bankrupt if it is unable to repay debts to its creditors (banks, suppliers etc). The inability to repay debts by some Indian firms has resulted in a huge pile of NPAs for the banking system.

    The Indian government had introduced the IBC as a method to tackle the issue. Under the Code, a resolution has to be found for the indebted company within 270 days. Otherwise, a liquidator is appointed. The company can also opt for voluntary liquidation by a special resolution in a general meeting.

    The Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India (IBBI) is the regulator set up on October 1, 2016 under the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code. The resolution professionals entrusted with the responsibility of sorting out the insolvent companies. The IBBI is assisted by the disciplinary, advisory and technical committees.

    How has IBC progressed? Why was the amendment needed?

    The resolution to stressed assets picked up steam under IBC and investors started warming up to the huge opportunity. The question was whether existing sponsors / promoters of corporate debtors (i.e. the company with debt and under the insolvency proceedings) can directly or indirectly acquire stake in these firms post acceptance of a resolution plan which would have entailed substantial discount to outstanding loans of lenders.


    The key questions were —

    §  Can promoters seek a huge cut from lenders and be back in the business?

    §  Does this provide a level playing field to other prospective bidders?

    §  Does this send the right political and economic signals?

    The government took note of all these concerns expressed by investors, and that’s what led to the recent (amendment) ordinance.

    What are the key elements of the amendment?

    The amendment has inserted two new sections in the insolvency code —

    §  Section 29A, which provides for persons ineligible to be a Resolution Applicant;



    Those ineligible to be a Resolution Applicant include:

    §  Wilful defaulters

    §  Persons convicted for any offence punishable with imprisonment for two or more years 

    §  Undischarged insolvent

    §  Persons disqualified as directors

    §  Persons barred by SEBI from the securities markets

    §  Those whose accounts are classified as Non-Performing Assets (NPAs) for one year or more and are unable to settle overdue amounts including interest and charges relating to the account before submission of the Resolution Plan.

    §  Persons who have given a guarantee to a creditor in respect to a corporate debtor in IBC

    §  Persons from foreign jurisdictions

    §  Section 235A, which provides for punishment for contravention of the provisions where no specific penalty or punishment is provided. The punishment is fine which shall not be less than one lakh rupees but which may extend to two crore rupees.


    What the amendment means in terms of NPA resolution? What are the key challenges?


    The government has taken the high moral ground to deal with the menace of non-performing assets or NPAs that have brought many public sector banks on the verge of bankruptcy.

    Many are of the view that if the errant promoter is disqualified from the bidding process it will lead to further losses for banks.

    Challenges –


    Deciding who will be eligible to bid:

    The key challenge would be to invite expression of interests and resolution plans from applicants who are not related to the Corporate Debtor after conducting due diligence about the creditworthiness of such buyers.

    It is now up to the resolution professional to decide who will be eligible to bid for the defaulter companies or their assets.


    Advisory committees chaired by several top corporates

    The advisory committees on corporate insolvency and liquidation are chaired by several top corporates.

    The appointment of corporates as heads of important corporate insolvency advisory committees under IBBI may not inspire confidence in the credibility of the resolution process.

    The recent ordinance may end up being used selectively to defeat the very objective of penalising the errant promoter. 


    The banks will only lose if resolution is side-tracked by the ensuing power struggle among corporate India to purchase distressed assets at rock-bottom prices.


    1.       The Ordinance gives incentives to the banks to delay NPA recognition for as long as possible


    By disqualifying a large number of persons, the Ordinance will lower the amount that the banks as the main financial creditors in most of the IBC cases expect to recover. This may result in the banks not recognising accounts as NPA so that the promoters can submit their bids in the IBC resolution process. 


    1.       Affect the incentives of the government

    The Ordinance may also affect the incentives of the government as the majority shareholder in these banks. The government maybe incentivised to encourage public sector firms (PSUs) to bid in the IBC resolution process so that the deals go through at relatively higher prices and the PSU banks do not face large haircuts.

    What is the likely impact of this Ordinance on IBC?

    1.       Procedural impact:

    The Ordinance introduces substantial procedural uncertainty in the resolution process and opens it up to disputes and litigation. These insolvency professionals now have the task of determining the eligibility of applicants as per this Ordinance.


    1.       Economic impact on resolution

    The Ordinance effectively disqualifies vast sections of the corporate world, both in India and abroad, from participating in the IBC bidding process.

    In doing so, it significantly reduces the number of likely resolution plans that maybe submitted in any IBC case in an already gloomy landscape. The lack of competition among the narrow pool of eligible bidders will depress the financial value of any resolution plan


    1.       Impact on IBC principles:

    By substantially shrinking the universe of eligible resolution applicants as well as potential buyers in liquidation, the Ordinance violates the core principles of the IBC.

    The IBC is based on the premise that all business failure is not fraud. The Ordinance by its very design goes against this principle. A person may have faced adverse economic shocks such as a business cycle downturn or a commodity price shock. This is different from a fraudulent or an unscrupulous promoter who may have been siphoning off assets from her own firm.

    But, The Ordinance treats both these categories on par.


    Way forward

    An ultimate test of the success of IBC is the recovery rate. As the preamble to IBC clearly states, the primary objective of the law is maximisation of value of assets of the debtor firm undergoing the insolvency and bankruptcy proceedings. Fulfilling this objective requires a competitive bidding process such that there is a fair price discovery mechanism.

    One way to resolve this conundrum maybe to bar promoters from participating in the IBC bidding process in their full capacity while permitting them to make deals with third parties such as private equity funds, who would be the primary bidders.

    Even though there have been concerns about the amendment, it should ensure that errant promoters don’t end up getting the business back with all sacrifices being made by the lenders.




    ·         MoU between India and Colombia in the field of agriculture and fisheries approved by - Union Cabinet


    ·         Bill criminalising instant Triple Talaq approved by - Union Cabinet


    ·         Cabinet has approved continuation of centrally sponsored NAM scheme on - 15th December 2017




    MoU between India and Colombia in the field of agriculture and fisheries approved by - Union Cabinet


    The Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi approved the signing of a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on 15th December 2017 between India and Colombia for cooperation in the field of agriculture and fisheries.


    Below are the some of the key areas of cooperation:

    ·         Innovative agricultural practices and approaches.

    ·         New agricultural mechanizations.

    ·         Successful models of the agricultural marketing.

    ·         To develop projects in association with agricultural companies for seed production.

    ·         Innovative production models and value generation processes in horticulture.

    ·         Exchange of information or exchange visits of SPS experts.

    ·         Jatropha and Karaya.

    ·         Cooperation in research of oil seeds and oil palm.

    ·         Aqua-culture, Marine Industrial Fishing and Research & Training in the field of Fisheries.

    ·         A Joint-Working Group would be constituted under the agreement, in order to prepare and finalise the work plan for the next two years while specifying the tasks and activities to be taken care of during that period.

    ·         The MoU will going to be valid for a period of five years initially and then it would be automatically extended for subsequent periods of five years unless either party expresses its desire or intention to terminate the same.


    Bill criminalising instant Triple Talaq approved by - Union Cabinet


    The Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi approved the Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage) Bill, 2017 on 15th December 2017 
    that seeks to criminalise instant triple talaq among Muslims.


    It is aimed to protect the dignity and security of women in the Muslim community according to the Union Government. The draft bill proposes that triple talaq should be made a cognisable and non-bailable offence that would be attracting a jail term of three years.

    The bill is expected to be tabled during the on-going Parliament Winter Session, of which commenced on 15th December 2017.



    ·         The AIMPLB (All India Muslim Personal Law Board) has called the cabinet clearance of the bill a direct attack on the religious freedom of the Muslim community.

    ·         According to the President of All India Muslim Women Personal Law Board (AIMWPLB), Shaista Amber, “the Supreme Court had banned triple talaq in the light of Quran. Hence, any new law should be prepared in the light of Quran. If it is not so, then no Muslim woman will be accepting the same.”

    ·         The women activists, have sought the collective support of political parties to convert the Bill into a law.


    Cabinet has approved continuation of centrally sponsored NAM scheme on - 15th December 2017


    The Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi approved the continuation of Centrally Sponsored Scheme of National Ayush Mission (NAM) on 15th December 2017 from 1st April 2017 to 31st March 2020.

    The government has set aside funds of Rs 2400 crore for the project in more than 3 year period. This Mission was launched in September 2014.

    The Ministry of AYUSH has implemented the national Ayush Mission with the aim to provide cost-effective AYUSH Services.

    Key Objective

    The NAM aims to address the gaps in health services through supporting the efforts of State/UT Governments to provide AYUSH health
    services/education in the country, especially in vulnerable and far-flung areas.




    • He was named BBC Overseas Sports Personality of the Year 2017 - Roger Federer

    • Vijay Diwas, the day commemorating India’s 1971 victory over Pakistan, was observed on this day - 17 December

    • This Indian shuttler won the silver medal at BWF Dubai World Series Finals 2017 - PV Sindhu

    • The counting of votes for these two state assemblies began on 18 December 2017 - Gujarat and Himachal Pradesh

    • This double Olympian won the gold medal for India in the nal of the 74kg freestyle category at the Commonwealth Wrestling Championships -Sushil Kumar

    • This political party is all set to retain its sixth straight term in power in Gujarat - Bharatiya Janata Party

    • This country was recently declared polio-free by the World Health Organization - Gabon

    • Union Cabinet recently approved agreement with UNESCO for establishment of International Training Centre for Operational Oceanography in - Hyderabad

    • PM Narendra Modi recently dedicated 60 MW Tuitial Hydro Power Project to the nation. The project is based in - Mizoram

    • The National Green Tribunal recently banned plastic items in towns located along banks of – Ganga

    • The ocial emblem of Beijing 2022 Paralympic Winter Games is - Flying High

    • Bilateral military exercise “EKUVERIN 2017” began recently between India and - Maldives

    Message Ends

    Message Ends



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