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    Daily Current Affair & GK Dose for IAS/CLAT/JUDICIARY students - 22 dec 2017

    Daily Current Affairs 21 December 2017

     

    Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies.


    India’s first National Rail and Transportation University at Vadodara


                                                   


     

    Context: The Union Cabinet has approved the Ministry of Railways’ transformative initiative to set up the first ever National Rail and Transport University (NRTU) in Vadodara to skill its human resources and build capability. This innovative idea will be a catalyst for transformation of rail and transport sector towards New India.

    Key facts:

    §  The University will be set up as a Deemed to Be University under de novo category as per the UGC [Institutions Deemed to be Universities] Regulations, 2016.

    §  A not-for-profit Company under Section 8 of the Companies Act, 2013 will be created by the Ministry of Railways which shall be the Managing Company of the proposed university.

    §  The company will provide financial and infrastructural support to the university, and appoint Chancellor and Pro-Chancellor of the university.

    §  Board of Management, comprising professionals and academics, shall be independent of the Managing Company with full autonomy to perform its academic and administrative responsibilities.

    §  The funding of the new University/Institute is to entirely come from Ministry of Railways.

     

    Significance of this move:

    The university plans to use latest pedagogy and technology applications (satellite based tracking, Radio Frequency Identification and Artificial Intelligence) to improve on-the-job performance and productivity. Close collaboration with the Indian Railways will ensure that the stakeholders have access to Railways’ facilities, which will work as ‘live labs’ and they will be able to work on solving real life problems. It will have ‘Centres of Excellence’ showcasing high-end, niche technology like High Speed Train. 

     

    Development processes and the development industry the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders.


                            


     

    Strive Project

    Context: A Financing Agreement for IDA Credit of USD 125 million (equivalent) for the “Skills Strengthening for Industrial Value Enhancement Operation (STRIVE) Project” was recently signed by the Government of India with the World Bank.

    The Objective of the operation is to improve access to quality and market-driven vocational training provided in it is and apprenticeships.

     

    About the Skill Strengthening for Industrial Value Enhancement (STRIVE) project:

    What is it?  STRIVE is an outcome focused scheme marking shift in government’s implementation strategy in vocational education and training from inputs to results. STRIVE will focus to improve on the quality and the market relevance of vocational training provided in ITIs and strengthen the apprenticeship programme through industry-cluster approach.

    The result areas for the project include Improved Performance of Industrial Training Institutes; Increased Capacities of State Governments to Support Industrial Training Institutes and Apprenticeship Training; Improved Teaching and Learning; and Improved and Broadened Apprenticeship Training.

     

    Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

    Immovable Property (Amendment) Bill

     

                                            


    Context: Lok Sabha has passed the Immovable Property (Amendment) Bill. The Bill amends the regulations governing compensation payable for acquisition of immovable property by the Centre for defence and security purposes.

     

    Highlights of the Bill:

     

    §  The Requisitioning and Acquisition of Immovable Property (Amendment) Bill 2017 amends the original 1952 Act to allow the Centre to reissue the acquisition notice in case the property’s owner wants to be given a hearing.

    §  As per the amendment, the compensation rates that will be payable will be fixed at the date of publication of the first notice in addition to an interest.

    §  The amended bill provides that the government need not pay compensation at the current market rate as is applicable on the date of issuing the fresh notice.

    §  The amended bill is aimed at addressing cases where the property owner is able, after prolonged litigation, to get the acquisition notice quashed in the court so as to be given a hearing.

     

    Background:

    The Requisitioning and Acquisition of Immovable Property Act empowers the central government to requisition any immovable property and also to acquire them under certain specified conditions. The Act came into force in March 1952.

     

    Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests

    Kimberley Process

     


                                        


    Context: The KP Plenary Session is being held at Brisbane, Australia. In one of the landmark decisions favoring India’s leading position in Diamonds globally, India was appointed as the Kimberly Process (KP) Vice Chair for 2018 & Chair for 2019 in the last plenary held in Dubai in November, 2016. The EU will be KP Chair for 2018.

     

    About Kimberley process:

    What is the Kimberley Process?

    The Kimberley Process is an international certification scheme that regulates trade in rough diamonds. It aims to prevent the flow of conflict diamonds, while helping to protect legitimate trade in rough diamonds. The Kimberley Process Certification Scheme (KPCS) outlines the rules that govern the trade in rough diamonds. The KPCS has developed a set of minimum requirements that each participant must meet. The KP is not, strictly speaking, an international organisation: it has no permanent offices or permanent staff. It relies on the contributions – under the principle of ‘burden-sharing’ – of participants, supported by industry and civil society observers. Neither can the KP be considered as an international agreement from a legal perspective, as it is implemented through the national legislations of its participants.

     

    What are Conflict diamonds? “Conflict Diamonds” means rough diamonds used by rebel movements or their allies to finance conflict aimed at undermining legitimate governments.  It is also described in the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) resolutions.

     

    Who is involved?

    The Kimberley Process (KP) is open to all countries that are willing and able to implement its requirements. The KP has 54 participants, representing 81 countries, with the European Union and its Member States counting as a single participant. KP members account for approximately 99.8% of the global production of rough diamonds. In addition, the World Diamond Council, representing the international diamond industry, and civil society organisations, such as Partnership-Africa Canada, participate in the KP and have played a major role since its outset.

     

    How does the Kimberley Process work?

    The Kimberley Process Certification Scheme (KPCS) imposes extensive requirements on its members to enable them to certify shipments of rough diamonds as ‘conflict-free’ and prevent conflict diamonds from entering the legitimate trade. Under the terms of the KPCS, participating states must meet ‘minimum requirements’ and must put in place national legislation and institutions; export, import and internal controls; and also commit to transparency and the exchange of statistical data. Participants can only legally trade with other participants who have also met the minimum requirements of the scheme, and international shipments of rough diamonds must be accompanied by a KP certificate guaranteeing that they are conflict-free.

     

    Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.

    Scheme for Capacity Building in Textiles Sector (SCBTS)

     

    Context: The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs has given its approval for a new skill development scheme covering the entire value chain of the textile sector excluding Spinning & Weaving in organized Sector, titled “Scheme for Capacity Building in Textile Sector (SCBTS)” from 2017-18 to 2019-20 with an outlay of Rs. 1300 crore.

     

    Key facts:

     

    §  The scheme will have National Skill Qualification Framework (NSQF) compliant training courses with funding norms as per the Common Norms notified by Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE).

    §  The scheme will be implemented for the benefit of all sections of the society across the country including rural, remote, LWE affected, North East, J&K by imparting skills in the identified job roles. Preference will be given to various social groups, SC, ST, differently abled, minorities and other vulnerable groups.

    §  The skilling programmes would be implemented through textile Industry /Units, reputed training institutions and Institutions of Ministry of Textiles /State Governments having placement tie-ups with textile industry/units.

    §  The objectives of the scheme are to provide demand driven, placement oriented skilling programme to incentivize the efforts of the industry in creating jobs in the organized textile and related sectors; to promote skilling and skill up-gradation in the traditional sectors through respective Sectoral Divisions/organizations of Ministry of Textiles; and to provide livelihood to all sections of the society across the country.

     

    Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

     

    Pare Hydroelectric Plant


                                                


    Context:  A Loan agreement and a Guarantee agreement for providing additional funding of Euro 20 million has been signed for the project ‘Pare Hydroelectric Plant’ under Indo-German Bilateral Development Cooperation.

     

    About the Pare Hydroelectric project:

    What is it? The Pare Hydro Electric Project (2 x 55 MW) is planned as a run-of-the-river scheme on the Dikrong River in the Papumpare District of Arunachal Pradesh.

    The broad objective of the project is generation of hydroelectric power for socio-economic development of the North Eastern Region.

    The purpose of the project is efficient and ecological friendly generation of electric power. This will contribute to the economic efficient generation of power, growth in the North East region and protection of global climate.

     

    Facts for Prelims:

    The Dikrong is one of the major north bank tributaries of the river Brahmaputra, which originates from the lesser Himalayan ranges in Arunachal Pradesh. The total length of river Dikrong is 145 kilometer. It flows through the hilly region of Arunachal Pradesh for a distance of about 113 kilometer and remaining 32 kilometers it flows through the plains of Assam.

     

    EDITORIAL: Reconsider the Rules

     

    Context:

    Earlier this year, a judgment by the Uttarakhand High Court, stating that Ganga and Yamuna rivers are “living entities”, captured the national imagination. It is worth noting that wetlands, the other major water-based ecosystem apart from rivers, are at a moment of policy transition in the country.

    This year, a new legal framework for wetlands was passed, the Wetland (Conservation and Management) Rules, 2017, replacing the earlier Rules of 2010 which prohibit a range of activities in wetlands like setting up and expansion of industries, waste dumping and discharge of effluents.

    Also this year, the Supreme Court passed an order directing States to identify wetlands in the country within a stipulated timeframe.

    Wetland:

    Wetland is transitional land between terrestrial and aquatic eco-systems where water table is usually at or near surface or it may be land covered by shallow water. It supports rich biodiversity and provides wide range of ecosystem services such as water storage, water purification, flood mitigation, erosion control, aquifer recharge etc.

    It means an area of marsh, fen, peat land or water; whether natural or artificial, permanent or temporary, with water that is static or flowing, fresh, brackish or salt, including areas of marine water the depth of which at low tide does not exceed six meters, but does not include river channels, paddy fields, human-made water bodies/tanks specifically constructed for drinking water purposes and structures specifically constructed for aquaculture, salt production, recreation and irrigation purposes.

    There are 115 wetlands officially identified by Central Government and of those 26 are identified as wetlands of international importance under Ramsar Convention (an international intergovernmental treaty for conservation of wetlands to which India is party).

    Safeguarding Wetlands:

    Wetlands, vital parts of the hydrological cycle, are highly productive ecosystems which support rich biodiversity and provide a wide range of ecosystem services such as water storage, water purification, flood mitigation, erosion control, aquifer recharge, microclimate regulation, aesthetic enhancement of landscapes while simultaneously supporting many significant recreational, social and cultural activities, being part of our rich cultural heritage;

    1.       Wetlands are threatened by various causes:

    Many wetlands are threatened by reclamation and degradation through drainage and landfill, pollution (discharge of domestic and industrial effluents, disposal of solid wastes), hydrological alteration (water withdrawal and changes in inflow and outflow), over-exploitation of their natural resources resulting in loss of biodiversity and disruption in ecosystem services provided by wetlands.

    1.       Article 51A of the Constitution stipulates that it shall be the duty of every citizen of India to protect and improve the natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers and wildlife and to have compassion for living creatures;

    2.       The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 is a comprehensive legislation to provide protection and improvement of the environment, including inter-alia, wetlands, and for matters connected therewith;

    3.       National Environment Policy, 2006 recognises the ecosystem services provided by wetlands and emphasizes the need to set up a regulatory mechanism for all wetlands so as to maintain their ecological character, and ultimately support their integrated management;

    4.       India is a signatory to the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands and is committed to conservation and wise use of all wetlands within its territory;

     

    Conservation and wise use of wetlands can provide substantial direct and indirect economic benefits to state and national economy, and thereby the Central Government stands committed to mainstreaming full range of wetland biodiversity and ecosystem services in development planning and decision making for various sectors.

     

    The Central Government considered it necessary to supersede the Wetlands (Conservation and Management) Rules, 2010 for effective conservation and management of wetlands in the country.

     

    Highlights of Wetlands (Conservation and Management) Rules, 2017

    1.       State Wetlands Authority (SWA):

    It stipulates setting up of SWA in each State/UTs headed by State’s environment minister and include range of government officials. State government will also nominate one expert each in fields of wetland ecology, hydrology, fisheries, landscape planning and socioeconomics.

     

    1.       Functions of SWA:

    It will develop comprehensive list of activities to be regulated and permitted within notified wetlands and their zone of influence. It will also recommend additional prohibited activities for specific wetlands define strategies wise use of wetlands and its conservation and undertake measures to enhance awareness within stakeholders and local communities on values and functions of wetlands. In this case, wise use has been defined as principle of sustainable uses that is compatible with conservation.

     

    1.       Prohibited Activities:

    The rules prohibit activities like conversion of wetland for non-wetland uses including encroachment of any kind, setting up and expansion of industries, waste dumping and discharge of untreated wastes and effluents from industries, cities, towns, villages and other human settlements.

     

    1.       Digital inventory of all wetlands:

    It is mandatory for state authorities to prepare list of all wetlands and list of wetlands to be notified within six months. Based on it, a comprehensive digital inventory of all wetlands will be created and will be updated every ten years.

     

    1.       National Wetlands Committee (NWC):

    The rules stipulates for setting up of NWC, headed by MoEFCC Secretary, to monitor implementation of these rules and oversee work carried out by States.

     

    NCW will also advise Central Government on appropriate policies and action programmes for conservation and wise use of wetlands, recommend designation of wetlands of international importance under Ramsar Convention, advise on collaboration with international agencies on issues related to wetlands etc.

     

    Comparing 2010 and 2017 Rules:

    The 2010 and 2017 Rules for wetlands both emphasise that the ecological character of wetlands ought to be maintained for their conservation.

    §  ‘Ecological character’ refers to processes and components which make the wetland a particular, and sometimes unique, ecosystem. For example, as lagoons like Chilika (Odisha) and Pulicat (Tamil Nadu/Andhra Pradesh) are characterised by a mix of saline and fresh water, the flows of each type need to be maintained; river flood plains contain wetlands that require conservation so they can re-fuel the river with fish and other aquatic life during flooding.

     

    In the 2010 Rules, some related criteria were made explicit, such as natural beauty, ecological sensitivity, genetic diversity, historical value, etc. These have been omitted in the 2017 Rules.

    There are a few reasons why this is problematic.

    §  There are multiple interests around wetlands. Multiple interests also have governance needs, and this makes it absolutely necessary to identify and map these multiple uses.

    §  It is crucial to identify ecological criteria so that the wetlands’ character can be maintained. The key to wetland conservation is not just understanding regimes of multiple uses — but conserving or managing the integrity of the wetland ecosystem.

    §  Finally, restriction of activities on wetlands will be done as per the principle of ‘wise use’, determined by the State wetland authority. Whether wise use will include maintaining ecological character remains to be seen.

    Under the new Rules, no authority to issue directions, which are binding in nature to desist from any activity detrimental to wetland conservation, has been prescribed to State wetland authorities.

    Salt pans as ‘wetlands’ have been omitted from the new Rules. They were identified as wetlands in the 2010 Rules, as they are often important sites of migratory birds and other forms of biodiversity.

     

    The case of Deepor Beel

    The issue of wetlands being multiple-use found centre-stage this year with the observations of the National Green Tribunal (NGT) in the case of Deepor Beel.

    Deepor Beel is a Ramsar site and a part of it is also wildlife sanctuary in Guwahati, Assam. This wetland harbours a wide variety of biodiversity, and also suffers from intense man-made pressure — the city’s municipal waste is dumped close to the Beel. Large, meat-eating storks (Greater adjutant storks) are ironically found eating from the mountains of garbage at the site. Potential impacts of contamination or poisoning from the garbage are still unknown.

    This January, 26 storks died. The fact that Deepor Beel exists as a wetland does not prevent garbage dumping; this is a fate faced by many wetlands.

    The NGT’s observations on Deepor Beel are interesting and symptomatic of what is happening in several wetlands.

    In an inspection done by the judicial member of the Tribunal, it was noted that waste was being dumped “not beyond the site but within it,” and “demarcations are made by drying out areas or cutting off water sources”. These are classic ways of killing a wetland and turning it from a wet to a dry ecosystem; or from a lake to a garbage dump or cesspool. The Tribunal has now asked for the “traditional” spread of the wetland.

     

    Way forward

    Given all the modern uses of wetlands, looking at traditional cartography may be one way to understand catchments of wetlands.

    It may also be a way of restoring some modicum of ecological character, identity or ‘rights’ to wetlands, as the river judgment suggested.

    There are challenges ahead in identifying wetlands – multiple and competing use is just one of them.

    Understanding the historic spread and ecological character will be an important safeguard for the way forward. Setting clear governance systems would be the next.

     

    IMPORTANT POINTS

    ·         Lower House passes Requisitioning and Acquisition of Immovable Property (Amendment) Bill, 2017 on - 20th December 2017

    ·         Parliament passes Companies Amendment Bill on - 19th December 2017

    ·         Cabinet approves MoU between India, Cuba on cooperation in Health and Medicine field on - 20th December 2017

    ·         SAMEEP to take foreign policy to classroom launched  by - MEA 

    ·         Parliament passes Indian Institutes of Management Bill, 2017 on - 19th December 2017

    ·         Indian Navy conducted Exercise Naseem-Al- Bahr with Oman Navy on - 20th December 2017

    ·         Lok Sabha passes Indian Forest (Amendment) Bill, 2017 on - 20th December 2017

     

    DETAILS

     

    Lower House passes Requisitioning and Acquisition of Immovable Property (Amendment) Bill, 2017 on - 20th December 2017

     

    ·         The Requisitioning and Acquisition of Immovable Property (Amendment) Bill, 2017 was passed by the Lower House of the Parliament, Lok Sabha on 20th December 2017. The bill would be amending regulations governing compensation amount payable for acquisition of immovable property by the central  government for defence and security purposes. Newly appointed Minister of Housing and Urban Affairs, Hardeep Singh Puri moved the bill.

    ·         Bill's key provisions

    ·         It seeks to amend a provision to allow the Centre to re-issue the acquisition notice in order to ensure that the property's owner gets an opportunity to be heard.

    ·         The bill will be having retrospective effect from 1952.

    ·         The government intends to pay fair and just compensation to the land owner, through this amendment.

    ·         Incase of the reissuance of the notice, the property owner will be entitled to an interest on the compensation payable to them.

    ·         The re-issue of notice will not be applying to cases where the compensation has already been awarded and accepted by the claimants.

    ·         Importance

    ·         The amendment is done in the interest of the security of the nation.

    ·         It will be helping corrupt elements from taking undue advantage by misusing the litigation process.


    Parliament passes Companies Amendment Bill on - 19th December 2017

     

    The Companies (Amendment) Bill, 2017 that aims to bring about major changes in the Companies Act, 2013, was passed by Rajya Sabha on 19th December 2017 by a voice vote. The Bill was passed by the Lok Sabha in July 2017 previously during its Monsoon session. It will now be receiving the assent of the President of India to become a law.

     

    Important Highlights

    ·         The Bill is to amend the companies law to strengthen corporate governance standards, initiate strict action against defaulting companies and help improve ease of doing business in the country.

    ·         It also provides over 40 amendments to the Companies Act, 2013, which was passed during the previous UPA regime.

    ·         The major changes possibly brought on by the bill’s adoption will be including:

    ·         Private placement process simplification.

    ·         Rationalization of provisions related to loans to directors.

    ·         Aligning disclosure requirements in the prospectus with the regulations made by SEBI.

    ·         To provide for maintenance of register of significant beneficial owners.

    ·         To make offence for contravention of provisions relating to deposits as non-compoundable.

     

    Cabinet approves MoU between India, Cuba on cooperation in Health and Medicine field on - 20th December 2017

     

    The Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 20th December 2017 gave its ex-post- facto acceptance for the signing of a Memorandum of Understanding between India and Cuba on cooperation in the area of Health and Medicine.  The MoU was signed on 6th December 2017 in New Delhi.


    Following are the areas of cooperation covered under the MoU:-

     

    ·         Interchange &training of medical doctors, officials, other related health professionals and experts.

    ·         Assistance in development of human resources, setting up of health care facilities and health services.

    ·         Short duration training of human resources in health.
    Regulation of pharmaceuticals, medical devices and trading of information.

    ·         Promotion of business development chances in pharmaceuticals and others recognized by parties.

    ·         Obtaining generic and crucial drugs and assistance in sourcing of drug supplies.

    Obtaining health equipment and pharmaceutical products.
    Apart from this, the accordance would cover any other area of cooperation that is finalized and mutually agreed upon by both the countries.

    A Joint Working Group will be formed to further elaborate the details of the cooperation and to oversee the execution of this MoU.

     

    SAMEEP to take foreign policy to classroom launched  by - MEA

     

    The Ministry of External Affairs has initiated a new program SAMEEP- Students and MEA Engagement Program, to make the student understand India's position in the world and its global ambitions, and also to look at diplomacy as a career prospective. 
    It’s an outreach program by MEA to take India’s foreign policy and its worldwide commitments to students across the nation.
    SAMEEP (Students and MEA Engagement Program)

    ·          

    ·         Under this new project SAMEEP, the Ministry of External affairs has asked all its public-servants, undersecretary and above, to go their native places and particularly their alma mater while on vacation. 

    ·         There they would engage and communicate with students in the schools and colleges and inform how the MEA works, India’s foreign policy, how they do diplomacy so that the student consider about this as a career choice.

    ·          

    ·         SAMEEP is a voluntary program and it facilitates foreign officials the option of going back to any school or college in their native place or to their alma mater.

    ·          

    Working of MEA

    ·         The MEA would supply them a standardized presentation and public-servants would be free to make the alterations for the betterment of it can sum their personal experiences. 

    ·          

    ·         The aim of SAMEEP is not only to get the common student to take an interest in India's foreign policy with its neighbors and other nations but also to consider diplomacy as a career choice.

    ·          

    ·         A same program has had IAS officers also going back to the place of their 1st posting to assess its development and make guidance.

    ·          

    Parliament passes Indian Institutes of Management Bill, 2017 on - 19th December 2017

     

    The Indian Institutes of Management Bill, 2017 was approved by the Parliament with Rajya Sabha, the Upper House, passing it on 19th December 2017.

    The Lower House of the Parliament, Lok Sabha had already approved the bill in July 2017 during its monsoon session. It will now have to get the assent of the President of India to become a law.

    Key Provisions of the Bill

    ·         The Bill announces the IIMs as institutions of national importance.

    ·         The bill focuses to extend large autonomy to IIMs by limiting the Union government’s role in their functioning.

    ·         It allows statutory powers to the IIMs in their running including the appointment of directors and faculty members.

    ·         It also allows them the power to grant degrees to their graduates.

    ·         It looks forward to empower IIMs to attain standards of global excellence in management, management research and associated areas of knowledge.

    ·         It also commits to grant administrative, academic and financial autonomy to these B-Schools.

    ·         It also initiates coordination Forum of IIMs as advisory body.
    Additional Powers given to the Board

    ·         The board will have significant participation of experts and alumni.

    ·         It will choose Chairperson and Director of IIM.

    ·         It will also incorporate women and members from Scheduled Castes/Tribes.

    ·         It will also make planning for periodic review of the performance of IIM by private agencies and their results will be displayed in public domain.

     

    Indian Navy conducted Exercise Naseem-Al- Bahr with Oman Navy on - 20th December 2017

     

    Indian Navy on 20th December 2017 organized the joint naval exercise Naseem-Al- Bahr with the Oman Navy.  The exercise is also known as Sea Breeze. This is the eleventh edition of the exercise which has been a biennial feature since 1993.
    Indian Naval Ships Trikand and Teg entered Muscat, Oman on 16th December 2017 for the harbor phase. A Pre-sail meeting for the exercise was organized at Said Bin Sultan Naval Base, Wudam on 17th Dec 2017. 

    The Indian Navy ships with 4 Royal Navy of Oman ships Al Rasikh, Khassab, Al Mubashir and Al Bushra are presently sailing for the sea phase of the exercise. For the 1st time, an Indian Navy submarine along with versatile long range maritime aircraft P8I is taking part in the exercise. 

    ·        
    Bilateral relations between Indian and Oman 

    ·         India has an old maritime tradition with Oman which dates back to over 4000 years B.C.

    ·         Bilateral alliance between Indian and Oman were formally confirmed with signing of a 1953 Indo-Oman Treaty of friendship, Navigation and Commerce, which was also the 1st between India and an Arab nation.

    ·         The 1st exercise between Indian Navy and Royal Navy of Oman was organized in 1993. Both the nations also signed a MoU on Defense Cooperation in December 2005 and a MoU on the Joint Military Cooperation in March 2006.

     

    Lok Sabha passes Indian Forest (Amendment) Bill, 2017 on - 20th December 2017

     

    Lok Sabha on 20th December 2017 approved the Indian Forest (Amendment) Bill, 2017. The Bill looks forward to amend the Indian Forest Act, 1927.

    The Bill was initiated in Lok Sabha by Union Minister of Environment, Forest, and Climate Change Harsh
    Vardhan on 18th December 2017.  The Bills restore the Indian Forest (Amendment) Ordinance, 2017.

    In the Indian Forest Act, the definition of tree containing palms, bamboos, stumps, brush-wood, and canes.  The Bill amends this definition of tree to separate the word bamboos.
    The bamboo, though taxonomically a grass, is regarded as tree under the Indian Forest Act, 1927. The transit of bamboo allures the requirement of permit under the said Act.

    The farmers have been facing problems in getting the permits for felling and transport of bamboos within the State and also for the inter-state transport. This has been placed as major obstacle by farmers for the cultivation of bamboos on their land. 
    Once the amendment bill becomes an Act, the transportation of bamboos growing in non-forest areas will not require any permission.

    Did you know?

    ·         Bamboo grows extensively in areas outside forests with an approximately growing stock of 10.20 million tonnes. 

    ·         About 20 million people are connected in bamboo related activities. The present demand of bamboo in India is approximated at 28 million tonnes.

    ·         According to the UN’s Industrial Development Organization, the bamboo occupation in the North-East Region itself has a potential of about Rs 5000 crores in the coming 10 years.  Considering this, government inaugurated the amendment to improve the economy of the entire nation.

    ·         India, Myanmar sign MoU to develop Rakhine state for Rohingya community’s safe return India on 20th December 2017 signed a Memorandum of Understanding with Myanmar to enlarge Rakhine state, the region from where thousands of Rohingya Muslims had escaped to Bangladesh following a military crackdown, resulting in one of the world’s biggest refugee disaster.

    ·         The accordance was signed by India’s Foreign Secretary S Jaishankar and Myanmar's Deputy Minister for Social Welfare, Relief and Resettlement U Soe Aung.

    ·         As per the India’s External Affairs Ministry, the MoU is the 1st government to government accordance signed by the Ministry of Social Welfare, Relief and Resettlement of Myanmar with a cooperation partner focused on socio- economic development and livelihood capability in the State of Rakhine.

    ·        
    MAIN OBJECTIVE

    ·          

    ·         The MoU focuses to help the government of Myanmar achieve its aim of restoring normalcy to the Rakhine region and permit the safe return of the displaced Rohingya community.

    ·         In the MoU, the Indian government has suggested to take up, among others, a project to construct prefabricated housing in Rakhine State, so as to meet the immediate requirements of returning people.

     

    Did you know?

     

    ·         The visit by India’s Foreign Secretary Jaishankar to Myanmar is of great deliberated importance, as more than 650,000 Rohing as had escaped to neighboring country Bangladesh ever since violence exploded in Rakhine in August 2017.

    ·         The minority Rohingya fraternity does not enjoy citizenship in Myanmar.

    ·         Human rights detectors have accused Myanmar's military of atrocities opposing the Rohingyas.

    ·         The UNs entitle the violence against the Rohingyas in Rakhine, as ethnic cleansing.

     

    One Liners of the day: 21 December 2017

     

    o    This state’s government has approved the setting up of ‘cow protection committees - Uttar Pradesh

    o    The Lok Sabha passed this bill amending regulations governing compensation amount payable for acquisition of immovable property by the central government for defence and security purposes -The Requisitioning and Acquisition of Immovable Property (Amendment) Bill, 2017

    o    India has signed a MoU with this nation to develop Rakhine state, to enable safe return of Rohingya Muslims - Myanmar

    o    He resigned as the Chairperson of National Green Tribunal on 19 December 2017 - Justice Swatanter Kumar

    o    Indian army conducted a major exercise called 'Hamesha Vijayee' in this state - Rajasthan

    o    This nation announced its intention of hosting a meeting of WTO member nations in Feb 2018 to garner support for issues like food security - India

    o    The Indian navy conducted bilateral military exercise ‘Naseem-Al-Bahr’ with this nation’s naval force – Omaz

    o    India has signed a nancial agreement for a skill strengthening project with this International nancial institution - World Bank

    o    The lawmakers of this nation voted to remove presidential age limits, paving way for their current President to serve a sixth term in oce - Uganda

    o    Indian navy completed the 2nd phase of joint oceanographic survey with this country’s naval force - Sri Lanka

    o    This Judicial member has been appointed as the acting chairperson of National Green Tribunal (NGT), following Justice Swatanter Kumar’s superannuation - Justice U D Salvi

    o    This bill has been passed by both the houses of the Parliament, as of 19 December 2017 - The Companies (Amendment) Bill, 2017

    o    Study of sound – Acoustics

    o    Chemistry in ancient times is called – Alchemy

    o    Study of plants- Botany

    o    Study of duration of life is - Chronobiology

    o    Art of making fireworks is – Chromatics

    o    The art of secret writings is - Cypher

    o    Aeroplane invented by - Orville & Wilbur Wright in 1903

    o    Air Conditioning invented by- Willis Carrier in 1902

    o    Barometer invented by - Evangelista Torricelli of Italy in 1644

    o    Ball point pen invented by - John J. Loud of U.S.A. in 1888

    o    Study of Universe is – Cosmology

    o    Big bang theory explains – Origin of Universe

    o    Big Bang was an explosion that occurred - 15 Billion years ago

    o    Correct order of solar system starting from Sun - Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune

    o    Diameter of Sun is – 14 Lakh km

         






























































































































    Message Ends
















































    Message Ends










































    KEYWORDS

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     Message Ends
















































    Message Ends










































    KEYWORDS

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    Best Coaching for JUDICIAL Exams 

    Best Coaching for IAS - PCS - CIVIL SERVICES EXAMS


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